Which are the main sources of compensation for personal injury?
Greek law on damages for personal injury or death is primarily based on the Greek Civil Code’s (GCC) provisions on contractual liability (GCC articles 330, 334, 335, 336 and 382) and for tortuous liability / wrongful acts (GCC articles 914-938). In principle a civil claim for compensation can be brought against any person who by an act or omission has caused personal injury or death to a third person. Any such claimant can apply before Civil Courts1 for recovery of all damages sustained, including pecuniary and non-pecuniary losses. In case the wrongful act, omission or behavior that resulted to personal injury or death simultaneously constitutes a“criminal act”pursuant to the Greek Penal Code or other specific criminal laws, and criminal charges are brought against the responsible person, the injured person or the family of the deceased are entitled to intervene in the criminal proceedings as“civil claimants” in support of the criminal charge, and at the same time apply for the award of compensation from the Criminal Court. Any such compensation awarded is in most cases nominal and is deduced from the compensation awarded in any civil proceedings. Public Social Security Organizations and Funds2 cover medical and hospitalization costs (usually in full or sometimes a part thereof), and provide for sickness wages, disability pension, loss of maintenance pensions, and funeral expenses.